Christmas traditions in Japan
New Year in Japan, ” on-segatsu “. is the most important holiday for inhabitants of the country, when all sum up, evaluate the results, and pay their debts. Before the Meiji era (1868-1911), he went on the Chinese lunar calendar, according to which the new year occurred in late January, but today even the most traditionally-minded Japanese people celebrate it “European”.
Preparing for the New Year is all of December and it includes the internal cleaning houses and decorating the entrance with pine and bamboo twigs, making rice bread. Cleaning is required thirteenth of December. Clean house with great care, since this is connected with a mystical ritual.
There are many different customs and beliefs on the subject of cleaning of housing in the new year. An example is Suzuhara – the ritual of cleaning the home which is held on the 13th of 12 months, after which a bamboo whisk tied to the bar and there it is stored until next year.
Like us, the Japanese, the New Year also put the Christmas tree, but decorate it with toys and exotic plants growing on the Islands. The stores are beginning to sell chests filled with different and delicious sweets that are very different from our idea of confectionery.
In the new year, the Japanese tend not only to be in a warm and cozy hearth in a warm house and warm clothes. Special attention was paid to her pochivka. The clothes also sew all of December on all members of the family, and a real “holiday sewing” and a kind of transition from the old year to the new was considered on 8 December. On this day everyone wears new bright and colorful kimonos, with different colors. The younger the family member, the lighter the tone of his garment.
Like almost everywhere in the world, New year is a family holiday and met the family. Many relatives gathered around the holiday table, and made supplication to the spirits and deities of happiness. Spirits of ancestors prayed before or boxes, or in front of candles. Then the whole family sadresse holiday table.
Shite or the Sica is the name of the Christmas feast, where there was traditional food: noodles, sardines herring, boiled beans, cooked in different ways the root of konjaku and countless marinades and pickles. When you receive food from casting spells that repel evil spirits and demons.
One hundred and eight bells meant that the new year succeeded the old, and after the last shot all the bad that was in the past. This number of strokes was not an accident, this number indicates the number of all bad habits, vices and sins that a man can have, according to Shinto beliefs.
In Japan there is a tradition on New year gift cards with pictures of animals, which meets this year. Give as toys and Souvenirs. Made sure to give each other a kind of guardian angel – red Daruma dolls.
The more common custom of visiting temples, and one of the most popular is Tokyo Meiji-Jingu Shrine. where in the first three days of the new year comes a few million people, dressed in traditional kimonos. The Church must be purchased on-mascot Mamoru, who will protect the entire year and to bring good luck.